Ultrasound examination of the thyroid gland allows an accurate assessment of the size of any changes in this gland.
Thyroid ultrasound is a fast, painless, non-invasive and safe test. Thyroid ultrasound determines the size, size, shape, location and structure of this gland, and also depicts the presence of nodules, cysts or other changes that cannot be detected during palpation of the thyroid. This is a typical check-up performed in the presence of hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism or suspected lesions within this gland. If the doctor detects disturbing changes, a thyroid biopsy is performed, which involves collecting a fragment of the nodule with a needle.
A proper laboratory test can distinguish benign lesions from thyroid cancer or adenoma. Thyroid ultrasound is a completely painless examination and lasts about 10 minutes. The doctor puts the head to the neck and makes measurements paying special attention to any changes within it. If the test shows a uniform enlargement of the thyroid gland, it is parenchymal goiter. However, if nodules appear in the enlarged thyroid parenchyma, we are talking about nodular goiter.